DIVISION III – DEFINITIONS

          1‑1‑15        CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS.  Whenever any word in any section of this Code, importing the plural number is used in describing or referring to any matters, parties or persons, any single matter, party or person shall be deemed to be included, although distributive words may not have been used.

When any subject matter, party or person is referred to in this Code by words importing the singular number only, or the masculine gender, several matters, parties or persons and females as well as males and bodies corporate shall be deemed to be included; provided that these rules of construction shall not be applied to any section of this Code which contains any express provision excluding such construction or where the subject matter or content may be repugnant thereto.

          1‑1‑16        DEFINITIONS. Whenever the following words or terms are used in this Code, they shall have the meanings herein ascribed to them unless the context makes such meaning repugnant thereto:

          “AGENT”, as used in this Code shall mean a person acting on behalf of another.

          “CODE” OR “THIS CODE” shall mean the “Revised Code of Ordinances of the County of Union”.

          “COUNTY”. The words “county”, or “the county” meanUnionCounty, in the State ofIllinois.

The words “in the county” or “within the county” mean and include all territory over which the county now has or shall hereafter acquire jurisdiction for the exercise of its power or other regulatory powers.

          “COUNTY BOARD”, The words “CountyBoard” or “The County Board of Commissioners” mean theCountyBoard of Commissioners of Union County, Illinois.

          “COUNTY CHAIRMAN” as used in this Code shall mean the Chairman of the Board of Commissioners of Union County.

          “FEE” OR “FEES” as used in this Code shall mean a sum of money charged by the County for carrying on of a business, profession or occupation.

          “FISCAL YEAR”. The “fiscal year” for the County shall begin on December 1st of each year and end on November 30th of the following year.

          “KNOWINGLY” imports only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this Code. It does not require any knowledge of the unlawfulness of such act or omission.

          “LEGAL HOLIDAY” shall mean the holidays as authorized and recognized by theCountyBoard in the employee agreement.

          “LICENSE” as used in this Code shall mean the permission granted for the carrying on of a business, profession or occupation.

          “MAY”.  The word “may” is permissive.

          “MISDEMEANOR” as used in this Code shall mean any offense deemed a violation of the provisions of this Code which is a lesser offense than a felony as defined by state law.

          “NEGLECT”, “NEGLIGENCE”, “NEGLIGENT” AND “NEGLIGENTLY” import a want of such attention to the nature of probable consequences of the act of omission as a prudent man ordinarily bestows in acting in his own concern.

          “NUISANCE” shall mean anything offensive or obnoxious to the health and welfare of the inhabitants of the County or any act or thing repugnant to or creating a hazard to or having a detrimental effect on the property of another person or to the community.

          “OCCUPANT” as applied to a building or land shall include any person who occupies the whole or any part of such building or land whether alone or with others.

          “OFFENSE” shall mean any act forbidden by any provision of this Code or the omission of any act required by the provisions of this Code.

          “OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES”.  Whenever reference is made in this Code to aCountyOfficer or employee by title only, this shall be construed as though followed by the words “of the County” and shall be taken to mean the officer or employee of this County having the title mentioned or performing the duties indicated.

No provision of this Code designating the duties of any officer or employee shall be so construed as to make such officer or employee liable for any fine or penalty provided in this Code for a failure to perform such duty, unless the intention of the County Board to impose such a fine or penalty on such officer or employee is specifically and clearly expressed in the section creating the duty.

          “OFFICIAL TIME”. Central Standard Time shall be the official time for the transaction of County business, except during applicable Daylight Savings Time set by National or State standards when the official time shall be advanced one (1) hour. All clocks and other timepieces in or upon public buildings or other premises maintained by or at the expense of the County shall be set and run at the official time prescribed by this paragraph.

          “OPERATOR” as used in this Code shall mean the person who is in charge of any operation, business or profession.

          “OWNER” as applied to a building or land shall include any part‑owner, joint‑owner, tenant‑in‑common, joint‑tenant or lessee of the whole or of a part of such building or land.

          “PERSON” shall mean any natural individual, firm, trust, partnership, association, or corporation in his or its own capacity as administrator, conservator, executor, trustee, receiver or other representative appointed by the Court. Whenever the word “person” is used in any section of this Code prescribing a penalty or fine as applied to partnerships or any such word as applied to corporations, it shall include the officers, agents, or employees thereof who are responsible for any violation of said section.

          “PLAN COMMISSION” shall mean the Union County Planning Commission. (See Chapter 5).

          “PERSONAL PROPERTY” shall include every description of money, goods, chattels, effects, evidence of rights in action and all written instruments by which any pecuniary obligation, right or title to property is created, acknowledged, transferred, increased, defeated, discharged or diminished and every right or interest therein.

          “RETAILER” as used in this Code, unless otherwise specifically defined, shall be understood to relate to the sale of goods, merchandise, articles or things in small quantities direct to the consumer.

          “ROAD DISTRICT”.  The term “road district” means any road district within the County.

          “SHALL”.  The word “shall” is mandatory and not discretionary.

          “STATE” OR “THIS STATE” unless otherwise indicated shall mean the “State of Illinois”.

          “STREET” shall include alleys, lanes, courts, boulevards, public squares, public places and sidewalks.

          “TENANT” as applied to a building or land shall include any person who occupies the whole or any part of such building or land, whether alone or with others.

          “WHOLESALER” AND “WHOLESALE DEALER” as used in this Code unless otherwise specifically defined, shall be understood to relate to the sale of goods, merchandise, articles, or things in quantity to persons who purchase for the purpose of resale.

          “WILLFULLY” when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act or make the omission referred to. It does not require any intent to violate law, or to injure another, or to acquire an advantage.

          “WRITTEN” AND “IN WRITING” may include printing and any other mode of representing words and letters, but when the written signature of any person is required by law to any official or public writing or bond required by law, it shall be in the proper handwriting of such person, or in case he is unable to write, by his proper mark.

          1‑1‑17        CATCHLINES. The catchlines of the several sections of this Code are intended as mere catchwords to indicate the content of the section and shall not be deemed or taken to be titles of such sections, nor as any part of the section, nor, unless expressly so provided, shall they be so deemed when any of such sections, including the catchlines, are amended or reenacted.

          1‑1‑18  –  1-1-19  RESERVED.