“Abandoned Well” means a water or monitoring well which is no longer used to supply water, or which is in such a state of disrepair that the well or boring has the potential for transmitting contamination into an aquifer or otherwise threatens the public health or safety.
“Certified Laboratory” means a laboratory operated by the Illinois Department of Public Health or a laboratory given certification approval by the aforementioned agency for analyzing samples of water for potable use.
“Community Public Water” means a public water system which serves at least fifteen (15) service connections used by residents, or regularly serves twenty-five (25) or more residents for at least sixty (60) days per year.
“Health Authority” means that person or persons designated by the Southern Seven Board of Health to enforce these regulations.
“Health Department” means the Southern Seven Health Department, including its duly authorized representatives.
“Health Department Administrator” means the individual selected by the Southern Seven Board of Health to administer and enforce the policies, regulations, and resolutions of said Board.
“Non-Community Public Water System” means a public water system, which is not a community water system, and has at least fifteen (15) service connections used by nonresidents, or regularly serves twenty-five (25) or more nonresident individuals daily for at least sixty (60) days per year.
“Potable Water” means water that is suitable for human consumption and which meets public health standards for drinking water.
“Public Water System” means a system, either non-community or community, that may include any treatment, storage and distribution facilities under control of the operator of such system and used primarily in connection with such system and any collection of pretreatment storage facilities not under such control which are used primarily in connection with such systems.
“Private Water System” means any supply which provides water for drinking culinary, and sanitary purposes and serves an owner-occupied single family dwelling.
“Semi-Private Water System” means a water supply that is not a public water system, yet serves a segment of the public other than an owner-occupied single family dwelling.
“Water Well” means an excavation that is drilled, cored, bored, washed, driven, dug, jetted or otherwise constructed when the intended use is for the location, diversion, artificial recharge or acquisition of groundwater. This does not include petroleum-monitoring wells.
18-3-2 ADOPTION BY REFERENCE. In addition to those provisions set forth, these regulations shall be interpreted and enforced in accordance with the provisions set forth in the following statutes, rules, and regulations of the State of Illinois, Department of Public Health and any subsequent amendments or revisions thereto, which publications are incorporated herein and adopted by reference as part of these regulations.
(A) Illinois Water Well Construction Code – 77 IL Adm. Code 920
(B) Illinois Water Well Pump Installation Code – 77 IL Adm. Code 925
(C) Public Area Sanitary Practice Code – 77 IL Adm. Code 895
(D) Drinking Water Systems Code – 77 IL Adm. Code 900
(E) Surface Water Treatment Code – 77 IL Adm. Code 930
(F) Illinois Plumbing Code – 77 IL Adm. Code 890
18-3-3 PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY USE. In those locations where a public water supply is reasonably available, the supply shall be the sole source of water for drinking and culinary purposes. A public water supply shall be deemed reasonably available when the subject property is located within two hundred (200) feet of the public water supply to which connection is practical and is permitted by the controlling authority for said water supply.
18-3-4 POTABLE WATER SUPPLY REQUIRED. All premises intended for human habitation or occupancy shall be provided with a potable water supply. The potable water supply shall not be connected to non-potable water and shall be protected against backflow and backsiphonage in accordance with the requirements of the “Illinois Plumbing Code”. Each potable water supply shall provide quantities of water that are sufficient for the drinking, culinary and sanitary needs of the dwelling or premises served. A minimum system pressure of twenty (20) pounds per square inch shall be maintained throughout each potable water supply.
All water systems which receive their source of water from ponds, lakes, streams, rivers or other surface collectors of water shall be designed, constructed, and operated in accordance with the “Surface Water Treatment Code”. No surface water shall be utilized as a potable water supply unless the Health Authority has review and approved the supply and its components.
Cisterns are not a Department of Public Health recognized source of potable water for private use. Therefore, individuals may install cisterns without approval from the Southern Seven Health Department. The Health Authority is not allowed to test any water sample from a private use cistern. Cisterns shall not be used as a potable water supply for uses other than private applications.
The use of cisterns to serve the public (restaurants, retail stores, campgrounds, etc.) is prohibited, except where adequate groundwater resources are not available. Cistern water shall receive treatment in accordance with the “Surface Water Treatment Code”. No cistern water shall be utilized as a public potable water supply unless the Health Authority has reviewed and approved the supply and its components.
18-3-5 ABANDONED WELLS. Wells that are abandoned shall be sealed in a manner prescribed by the Health Authority and the “Illinois Water Well Construction Code”. The Health Authority shall inspect abandoned wells which have been sealed to determine compliance with these regulations. In questionable cases, the Health Authority shall make the determination as to whether a water well is considered abandoned, based upon the definition of an “abandoned well” and the facts in each particular case.
18-3-6 PERMIT REQUIRED. No water well shall be constructed or deepened except in accordance with these regulations, and it shall be unlawful to proceed with such work unless a permit has first been obtained from the Health Authority. A non-community public water supply shall not be operated without first obtaining a permit from the Illinois Department of Public Health. The owner shall maintain all wells and pumps in a safe condition.
All application for permits under the provisions of these regulations shall be made in writing and in such form as prescribed by the Health Authority. Sufficient data shall be included to determine whether the proposed application for permit meets the requirements of these regulations.
Upon submission of the application for permit, including the plans and specification of the proposed water well or component thereof, the Health Authority shall review said application prior to issuance of a permit. The Health Authority may require additional information, which may include the location of the private sewage disposal system(s) and/or water well(s) on adjacent properties. It shall be the responsibility of the applicant or an authorized agent of the applicant to obtain all necessary data and to design a system that shall meet the requirements of these regulations. If the Health Authority, upon review of said application, finds that such application meets the requirements of these regulations, and upon payment of the required fee, a permit shall be issued to the applicant. Such permit shall include specifications specific to each proposed water well and shall include a statement as to any restrictions relating to the location, materials, components, or type of water well to be constructed.
It shall be the responsibility of the property owner to obtain a permit before any construction or deepening of a water well is begun. Failure of the property owner to obtain said permit shall constitute a violation of these regulations.
It shall be the responsibility of the water well contractor to insure that a permit has been issued before any construction or deepening of a water well is begun and to follow the conditions of said permit. Failure of the water well contractor to insure said permit has been issued or to violate the conditions of said permit shall constitute a violation of these regulations. All water well shall be constructed in accordance with the Illinois Water Well Construction Code. All individuals who construct water wells and install pumps shall be licensed by the Illinois Department of Public Health in accordance with the Water Well and Pump Installation Contractor’s License Act (225 ILCS 345/1).
A permit to construct or deepen a water well is valid for a period of twelve (12) months from the date of issuance. If construction has not started within this period, the permit is void. The permit may be reinstated at the discretion of the Health Department Administrator if the applicant provides sufficient grounds.
A permit to construct or deepen a water well shall not be required by the Health Authority when such well does or will serve a community public water system or function as a monitoring well.
18-3-7 INSPECTIONS. The Health Authority shall be notified by telephone or in writing at least forty-eight (48) hours prior to the commencement of any work to construct or deepen a water well for which a permit has been issued, or to seal a water well, boring, or monitoring well. The Health Authority shall be allowed access to any property for the purpose of performing inspection of the water well construction or to inspect the sealing of wells or to investigate abandoned wells.
A water well shall not be placed into operation until the installation of the water well and its components has been inspected to verify compliance with applicable provisions of these regulations and approval issued by the Health Authority. To the degree practical and permitted by the Health Authority, the completed installation shall remain uncovered and/or accessible for inspection purposes until approved by the Health Authority.
It shall be the responsibility of the Water Well Contractor to notify the Health Authority as required.
Upon inspection by the Health Authority, if it is found that any provisions of these regulations or any permit specifications for a stated property have been violated, the Health Authority shall notify the Water Well Contractor to make such specified changes in the work to allow compliance with the provisions of these regulations and the permit. If such changes are not made within a period of time specified by the Health Authority said permit shall be suspended, and it shall be unlawful to place the water well into operation.
18-3-8 DISINFECTION AND ANALYSIS. All components of a new water well construction and/or modification shall be thoroughly disinfected with a strong solution which will yield a dosage of at least 100 parts per million to the water in the well. After purging the system of any chlorine residual, a water sample shall be taken and satisfactory bacteriological results, as confirmed by a certified laboratory, shall be obtained prior to utilizing the water system for drinking and culinary purposes.
It shall be the duty of every owner of every water well serving a semi-private water system for more than one (1) residence to have the water therein bacteriologically analyzed by a certified laboratory as required by the Health Authority for the protection of public health. Such water shall also be bacteriologically analyzed whenever the water lines are opened up for repair, replacement, or extension of the water distribution system. The water from a semi-private water system shall meet the nitrate, chemical and bacteriological requirements contained in the Drinking Water Systems Code.
18-3-9 PENALTIES. Any person who violates any provision of these regulations, which violation constitutes a violation of any rule, regulation, order or determination of the Department of Public Health of the State of Illinois, adopted or made by said Department pursuant to said Act, shall be, upon conviction, fined not less than Two Hundred Dollars ($200.00) nor more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) per violation. In addition thereto, such persons may be enjoined from continuing such violation. Each day upon which such a violation occurs shall constitute a separate violation.