ARTICLE II – DEFINITIONS

           34‑2‑1           DEFINITIONS. For the purpose of this Code, the terms used herein are defined as follows:

           “ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER OR ZONING OFFICIAL”. The official appointed by theCountyBoard of Commissioners to administer the provisions of this Ordinance, or his duly appointed representative(s).

           “ALLEY”.  A minor way used primarily for vehicular service access to the rear or side of properties otherwise abutting on a street.

           “AREA, GROSS”.  The entire area within the boundary lines of the territory proposed for subdivision, including the area to be dedicated for street and alley rights‑of‑way and public use.

           “AREA, NET”.  The entire area within the boundary lines of the territory proposed for subdivision, less the area to be dedicated for street and alley right‑of‑way and public use.

           “BLOCK”.  An area of land entirely bounded by streets, highways, or physical barrier (except alleys, pedestrian ways, or exterior boundaries of a subdivision unless exterior boundary is a street, or highway) or a combination of streets, public parks, cemeteries, railroad right-of-way, shorelines or waterways, or corporate boundary lines.

           “BUILDING”.  Any structure, whether temporary, semi‑permanent, or permanent, designed or intended for the support, enclosure, shelter, or protection of persons or property.

           “BUILDING LINE”.  See SETBACK LINE.

           “CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT”.  A subdivision development planned and constructed so as to group housing units into relatively dense patterns while providing a unified network of open space and wooded areas, and meeting the requirements of this Ordinance and the Zoning Code of the County.

           “COMPREHENSIVE PLAN”.  The plan or any portion thereof adopted by the County Board for the coordinated development of the County, including among other things: plans and programs regarding the location, character and extent of highways, transportation routes, bridges, public buildings or uses, utilities, schools, residential, commercial or industrial land uses, parks, forests, dams, drainage facilities and projects affecting the conservation of natural resources of the County.

           “COUNTY ENGINEER”.  May mean either the County Superintendent of Highways or such other licensed professional engineer designated by theCountyBoard to conduct business or perform defined professional engineering services for the County in his place or stead.

           “DENSITY, GROSS”.  The total number of dwelling units divided by the total project area, expressed as gross dwelling units per acre.

           “DENSITY, NET”.  The total number of dwelling units divided by the total project area less area for street rights‑of‑way.

           “DESIGN”.  The arrangement of uses on the land and the arrangement of easements, lots and rights‑of‑way, including material, alignment, grade, and width of these elements.

           “DRAINAGEWAY”.  A water course, gully, dry steam, creek or ditch which carries storm water runoff; which is fed by street or building gutters or by storm water sewers, or which serves the purpose of draining water from the lands adjacent to such water course, gully, dry stream, creek or ditch.

           “EASEMENT”.  A right to use another person’s property, but only for a limited and specifically named purpose.

           “FILING DATE”.  The beginning or starting date that commences after the applicant has filed the last item of required data or information and has paid the necessary fee(s), for review by the Planning Commission.

           “IMPROVEMENT”.  Refers to site grading, street work and utilities (including water, sewer, electric, gas and storm water), to be installed or agreed to be installed by the subdivider on land to be used for public or private streets, and easements or other purposes as are necessary for the general use of lot owners in the subdivision. Includes the furnishing of all materials, equipment, and construction of all the improvements required in Article VI of this Code or any other improvements that may be provided by the subdivider.  All of such materials, equipment and services shall be provided at the subdivider’s cost and expense, although he may enter into a contract with individuals and firms to complete such improvements, and the improvements shall be subject to the final approval of the administrative officer.

           “IMPROVEMEMT PLAN”.  The engineering plans showing types of materials and construction details for the physical structures and facilities to be installed both in or in conjunction with the subdivision.

           “LOT”.  A parcel of land intended to be separately owned, rented, developed or otherwise used as a unit.

           “LOT, BUTT”.  A lot at the end of a block and located between two (2) corner lots.

           “LOT, CORNER”.  A lot abutting upon two (2) or more streets at their intersection.

           “LOT DEPTH”.  The mean horizontal distance between the front and the rear lot lines measured in the general direction of the side lot lines.

           “LOT, INTERIOR”.  A lot whose side lines do not abut upon any street.

           “LOT, THROUGH”.  A lot having frontage on two (2) parallel or approximately parallel streets.

           “LOT WIDTH”.  The mean horizontal width of the lot measured at right angle to the general direction of the side lot lines.

           “MASTER DEVELOPMENT PLAN”.  A combination of maps, drawings, site plans, charts and supportive narrative material that portrays total development to be achieved in the overall project area; which provides sufficiently detailed information to both illustrate and describe the intended character and configuration of development to be accomplished.

           “METES AND BONDS DESCRIPTION”.  A description of real property which is not described by reference to a lot or block shown on a map, but is described by starting at a known point and describing the bearings and distances of the lines forming the boundaries of the property or delineates a fractional portion of a section, lot or area by described lines or portions thereof.

           “OWNER”.  A person having sufficient proprietary interest in the land sought to be subdivided to commence and maintain proceedings to subdivide the same under these regulations.

           “PARKING LANE”.  An auxiliary lane of a street used primarily for vehicular parking.

           “PERSON”.  Any agent, individual, firm, association, partnership, corporation, syndicate or trust.

           “PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE OR BOND”. A surety issued by an insurance company licensed to do business inIllinois or letter of credit issued by a bank and approved by theCountyBoard to guarantee installation of any improvements.

           “PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT (PUD)”.  A planned unit development is a comprehensively planned development containing residential, commercial, industrial, or other land uses on an area of land under continuing unified control. A planned unit development may contain a single type of land use or combination of land uses provided that such development is reviewed, evaluated and approved by the County Board and satisfies the requirements contained herein.

           “PLANNING COMMISSION”.  The Planning Commission ofUnion County,Illinois.

           “PLAT”.  The maps, drawings, charts, and other documents complying with all applicable provisions of this Code which constitute the plan for subdivision.

           “PLAT, FINAL OR FINAL DEVELOPMENT PLAT”.  The final engineering and architectural detail maps, drawings and supportive material on which the developer’s plan of the project area is presented and, if approved, will be submitted to the County Recorder of Deeds for recording and to the Zoning Officer for filing.

           “PLAT, PRELIMINARY OR PRELIMINARY DEVELOPMENT PLAT”. Preliminary engineering and architectural maps, drawings, charts and supportive material indicating the proposed layout of the project area.

           “PROJECT AREA”. That territory intended to be subdivided or developed, and portrayed and defined in the preliminary and final plats.

           “RE‑SUBDIVISION”.  See “SUBDIVISION”.

           “RIGHT OF WAY”.  (ROW) A strip or parcel of land over which the owner, by dedication or otherwise, has granted or reserved the right use for streets, alleys or other public ways.

           “ROADBED”.  The graded portion of a street upon which the base course, surface course, shoulders, and median are constructed.

           “ROADWAY”.  The entire improved portion of the street, including shoulders, parking lanes, travel way, curbs and gutter which lies between the right‑of‑way lines.

           “SETBACK LINE”.  The line parallel to the front, side or rear lot line establishing the minimum space to be provided as the front, side or rear yard.

           “SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION”.  The County Soil and Water Conservation District.

           “SPECIFICATIONS”.  The Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction, prepared by the Department of Transportation of the State of Illinois, as adopted and amended by the Department, which are in effect at the time the area is being subdivided. Any term in such specifications referring to state departments of officials or to persons contracting with the state shall be deemed to refer to applicable departments, officials, or persons in the County of Union. Any person or his agent, or the employee, or agent of any business entity known herein as a contractor for purposes of making and entering into contracts as contemplated within the meaning of this Code and pursuant to the requirements set forth in Article VI hereof even though the subdivider (contractor) may enter into agreements to be completed by “independent contractors”.

           “STREET”.  A public or private way for the purpose of vehicular travel. The term includes all facilities which normally occur within the right-of-way; it shall also include such other designation for a street as a highway, thoroughfare, parkway, throughway, road, pike, avenue, boulevard, lane, place, drive, court, or as otherwise designated, but excluding an alley or a way for pedestrian use only.

           “STREET, BUTT OR STUB”.  A street that is temporarily terminated, but is planned for future continuation.

           “STREET, CUL‑DE‑SAC”.  A short, land access street having only one end open for vehicular traffic, and the other permanently terminated by a turn‑around for vehicles.

           “STREET, DEAD‑END”.  Land access streets similar to cul‑de-sacs, except that they provide no turn‑around circle at their closed end, and are not permitted in any proposed subdivision.

           “STREET, LAND ACCESS”. Land access streets provide access to abutting properties, having a relatively short travel distance, and have a low volume design capacity and travel speeds.

           “STREET, LOOPED”.  Land access streets having two (2) open ends, each end generally connecting with the same street, no other streets intersecting between its ends, and property fronts on both sides of the street.

           “STREET, AREA SERVICE HIGHWAY”.  Area service highways interconnect collectors and land access streets with the principal system and vice versa, bring all developed areas within a reasonable distance of principal streets, connect and provide direct access to major traffic generators, provide secondary service to smaller communities, may provide access to abutting property, and have a medium volume design capacity and travel speeds.

           “STREET, COLLECTOR”.  Collector streets interconnect the principal street system with land access streets; provide internal circulation within residential, commercial, and industrial areas; provide access to abutting properties; and have a moderate volume design capacity and travel speeds.

           “STREET, MARGINAL ACCESS OR SERVICE ROAD”.  A land access street parallel and adjacent to area service highways providing access to abutting properties.

           “STREET, NEW”.  One that did not previously exist legally.

           “STRUCTURE”.  Anything constructed which requires permanent or temporary location on the ground or is attached to something having a permanent or temporary location on the ground.

           “SUBDIVIDE”.  See “SUBDIVISION”.

           “SUBDIVIDER”.  Means any person, dividing or proposing to divide land in a manner that constitutes a subdivision as herein defined.

           “SUBDIVISION”.  The division of land into two (2) or more lots or parcels for the purpose of either immediate or future sale, rental, or building development, or uses, other than agricultural use or production.

Establishment or dedication of a public street or alley through a tract of land regardless of size. The term “subdivision” shall also include all re‑subdivisions of land or lots.

           “SUBDIVISION, MINOR”.  A division of land into two (2), but not more than six (6) lots, all of which front upon an existing street, not involving any new streets or other rights‑of‑way, easements, improvements, or other provisions for public areas and facilities.

           “TRAVEL WAY”. That portion of a street used for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders and auxiliary lanes.

           “ZONING OFFICER OR ADMINISTRATIVE       OFFICER”.  See ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER.

           “ZONING CODE”.  The Zoning Ordinance of Union County, Illinois.